Anti-abortion violence is violence committed against individuals and organizations that provide abortion.Incidents of violence have included destruction of property, in the form of vandalism; crimes against people, including kidnapping, stalking, assault, attempted murder, and murder; and crimes affecting both people and property, including arson and bombings.Anti-abortion extremists are considered a current domestic terrorist threat by the US Department of Justice.
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A study of 1982–87 violence considered the incidents "limited political" or "subrevolutionary" terrorism. Incidents include vandalism, arson, and bombings of abortion clinics, such as those committed by Eric Rudolph (1996–98), and murders or attempted murders of physicians and clinic staff, as committed by James Kopp (1998), Paul Jennings Hill (1994), Scott Roeder (2009), Michael F. Those who engage in or support such actions defend the use of force with claims of justifiable homicide or defense of others in the interest of protecting the life of the fetus. Nice, of the University of Georgia, describes support for anti-abortion violence as a political weapon against women's rights, one that is associated with tolerance for violence toward women. 248) also provides the same level of legal protection to all pregnancy-related medical clinics, including pro-life counseling centers; it also applies to use of threatening tactics directed towards churches and places of worship.
At least eleven murders occurred in the United States since 1990, as well as 41 bombings and 173 arsons at clinics since 1977. In the United States, violence directed towards abortion providers has killed at least eleven people, including four doctors, two clinic employees, a security guard, a police officer, two people (unclear of their connection), and a clinic escort; According to statistics gathered by the National Abortion Federation (NAF), an organization of abortion providers, since 1977 in the United States and Canada, there have been 17 attempted murders, 383 death threats, 153 incidents of assault or battery, 13 wounded, According to NAF, since 1977 in the United States and Canada, property crimes committed against abortion providers have included 41 bombings, 173 arsons, 91 attempted bombings or arsons, 619 bomb threats, 1630 incidents of trespassing, 1264 incidents of vandalism, and 100 attacks with butyric acid ("stink bombs").
At least one murder occurred in Australia, as well several attempted murders in Canada. The first hoax letters claiming to contain anthrax were mailed to U. clinics in October 1998, a few days after the Slepian shooting; since then, there have been 655 such bioterror threats made against abortion providers. Violence has also occurred in Canada, where at least three doctors have been attacked to date. task force investigating the shootings was formed in December 1997—three years after the first attack.
There were 1,793 abortion providers in the United States in 2008, The Federal Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act was passed in 1994 to protect reproductive health service facilities and their staff and patients from violent threats, assault, vandalism, and blockade. The physicians were part of a pattern of attacks, which targeted providers in Canada and upstate New York (including the fatal shooting of Dr. All victims were shot, or shot at, in their homes with a rifle, at dusk or in the morning, in late October or early November over a multi-year period. A task force coordinator, Inspector David Bowen of the Hamilton-Wentworth Regional Police, complained that the Canadian Government was not adequately financing the investigation.
There is speculation that the timing of the shootings is related to the Canadian observance of Remembrance Day. Inspector Bowen said the task force, largely financed by the communities where the shootings occurred, has "operated on a shoestring" with a budget of $100,000.
He said he requested more funds in July that would raise its budget to 0,000.
Federal officials rejected the request on October 15, a week before Dr. Inspector Bowen said that there hadn't been funding to follow up potential leads.
In 2001, James Kopp, an American citizen and resident was charged with the murder of Dr. Short; some speculate that Kopp was responsible for the other shootings.
In 1976 an arson attack was carried out at the Auckland Medical Aid Centre, which was estimated to cause 0,000 in damages to the facility.
The Auckland office of the Sisters Overseas Service organisation was targeted that same evening.
According to the Department of Justice and Department of Homeland Security's joint Terrorism Knowledge Base, the Army of God is an underground terrorist organization active in the United States formed in 1982, which has been responsible for a substantial amount of anti-abortion violence.